How to Prepare a Paper

<Methods of Writing a Paper>

Article 1

A paper should be written in the form of 「Hangul Word Processor」(「Hangul 97」 or above). With respect to photos and pictures, add as image files after scanning or perfect negatives.


Article 2

The paper size must be 190×260, with top margins of 25, bottom margins of 20, left margins of 20, right margins of 20, header 13 and footer 0. The header and the number of pages are inserted during editing.


Article 3

The table of contents of a paper is not written, but instead, the half-page abstract is written in English in that position.


Article 4

Under the abstract, 3-5 key words in English and the corresponding language are specified.


Article 5

1) The title number system is the same as the following example.
예: 1. 1.1 1.1.1
Example: 1. 1.1 1.1.1
2) Based on the language used in the paper, the font for Korean is Shinmyeongjo, with the abbreviation Shinmyeongjo for Japanese. Fonts and attributes for each part are as follows:


  Letter Line spacing Text alignment
style size
Paper title Bold 15 140 Center aligned`
Subtitle Normal 12
Author name Normal 11 140 Right aligned
e-mail address Normal 8
Abstract Normal 8 140 Justify aligned with 2 spaces indented
Key word Bold 8 Justify aligned
1. Headline Bold 12 140 Center aligned
1.1 Overline Bold 11 Left aligned (with 2 spaces indented)
1.1.1 Strapline Bold 10 Left aligned (with 2 spaces indented)
Detailed title
Bold 10 Left aligned (with 2 spaces indented)
Body Normal 10 160 Justify aligned
Quotations and
example sentences
Normal 9 Justify aligned
(with the left side of 6ch without
Table/Diagram Title Normal 9 140 Left aligned
Content Normal 8 Justify aligned
Footnote Normal 8 Justify aligned
(with the left side of 4ch and 3.5ch outdent)
Reference Title Bold 12 140 Left aligned (with 5 spaces indented)
Content Normal 8 Justify aligned

Article 6

The sources of quotations and references are placed only in the reference section, not as footnotes. When quoted references are papers, write authors with publication years like ‘Hong Gil-dong (1997)’; in case of books, authors’ names with publication years and pages should be specified like ‘Hong Gil-dong (1997: 241)’.


Article 7

Footnotes should be written for providing additional explanations about the body contents.


Article 8

1) Only papers and books referred to in the body should be presented as references.
2) Based on authors’ names, references are specified in the order of Korean, Japanese and English. Each reference is aligned in the order of ga, na, da…, gojūon, and the English alphabet.
3) References are written in English or the Roman alphabet together (refer to the examples of the methods of writing a paper).
4) When there are two or more references written by the same authors, they are aligned in the yearly order with the author’s name written in the form of line from the second reference.
5) When the reference (a book or paper) has been written jointly by more than two authors, a side dot is marked in between the authors.
<Example: 宮地 宏․サイモン遠藤睦子․小川信夫(1991)>
6) The order of writing references is authors’ names (year), paper names (or a book title), the volumes and numbers of publications, and publishers.
7) Quotation or reference pages should be specified.
8) Papers or books should be marked with 「」 and 『 』, respectively. The style of paper titles in English is normal, with books being in italics.


Article 9

How to Write References in English or the Roman alphabet additionally

1) The order of English version reference is the same as that of the original (Korean or Japanese) for easy comparison.
2) Author’s name: the last name and given name are written in order in the form of <last name medial-final consonants>.
3) Co-author: The word ‘and’ is just put right before the last author’s surname; in case of 6 or more authors, <et al> is put after the first six authors.
Examples) – Two or more: Koma Tosio and Hanaoka Daigaku.

Three or more: Koma Tosio, Hanaoka Daigaku, and Miyake Zun.
Six or more: A, B, C, D, E, F et al.

4) Year: The publication is put in parentheses.
5) Journal
① <Paper title>: The first letters of the paper’s main title and subtitle, and proper nouns are capitalized.
② <Journal names>
- The first letters of main words all are capitalized in italics.
- The number of volumes is in italics.
③ <University research laboratory>: Put the university name first before the laboratory name.
④ <Author (year). Paper title. Journal name. Academy name. page> are put in order with periods put after each part.
6) Book
① <Editor>: This is marked as <Ed.>.
② <Book title>
- The book title is written in italics with the first letters of the main title and subtitle and proper nouns capitalized. The rest of the text must be in lower case.
- The number of volumes must be in italics.
③ < Publisher name>: This is written described as the following examples.
Examples) - 白山書店:Hakusan Syoten

한경대학교 출판사:Hankyoung University Press
박무사:Parkmu Press

④ <Author. (year). Book title. Publisher. Page> are put in order with periods put for each part.
7) Page: The mark of pp is not put.
8) When paper or book titles cannot be translated, they are written in the Roman alphabet in italics and followed by translation title in [ ].
Example) 源氏物語:Genji Monogatari [The Tale of Genji]


Article 10

When a paper has been prepared by two or more authors, the first author is put in the front part and a co-author’s name follows it. In addition, when the affiliation of authors is written as a footnote, the first author’s affiliation comes first under which a co-author’s affiliation is written with a specified relationship between the first author and the co-author.


<Example of Writing a Paper>

【Paper margins】 <Paper size 190×260> Top 25, Bottom 20, Left 20, Right 20, Header 13, Footer 0
【Paper title】 日本語 行動要求表現 and Modality
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 15, Bold, Center aligned, Line spacing: 140)
** Two-line spacing **
【Author name】 Hong Gil-dong*
  (With Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 11, Normal, Right aligned, and Line spacing 140, the affiliation is written in footnote without any number, and the mark of * is put. When authors are two or more, the first author is in the front and followed by a co-author.)
【e-mail address】 e-mail address
  (Shinmyeongjo 8, Normal, Right aligned, line spacing 140)
<No space between an author’s name, e-mail address and the abstract>


< Abstract >

Language: English
Amount: half a page
Font size: Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 8, Two spaces indented,
Justify aligned, Line spacing 140


【key words】 3-5 key words are specified in [the same language used in the paper] and [English].
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 8, Bold, Justify aligned, Line spacing 140)
** Two-line Spacing **
【Headline】 1. Introduction
  (Shingmyeongjo (abbreviation) 12, Bold, Center aligned, Line spacing 140 without indentation)
** One-line spacing **
【Body】 In Japanese, a speaker does something to audience…
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 10, Justify aligned, Line spacing 1600
** Two-line spacing **
【Headline】 2. 行動要求表現形式의 種類
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 12, Bold, Center aligned, Line spacing 140)
** One-line spacing **

2.1 行動要求表現型式

(No line space between the overline and the body)

  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 11, Bold, Left aligned, Two spaces indented, Line spacing 140)
【Quoted reference
With respect to the vowel structure of the ancient Japanese, 有坂秀世(1957)<paper> says … Meanwhile, 金田一京助(1974: 241)<book> shows a different opinion by saying …
【Quotation】 Ancient Japanese’s order of vowel and consonant alignment is …
  (Shinmyeongjo 9, Line spacing 160, Left 6ch without indentation)
【Footnote】 * ○○ University (affiliation) professor (position), Japanese’s Modern Literature (major)
1) In this regard, 有坂秀世(1957) make a discussion as follows.
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 8, Justify aligned, Line spacing 140, Left 4ch, 3.5ch outdent)
  ** Two-line spacing **
  5. Conclusion
  ** One-line spacing **
  Likewise, with respect to Japanese expressions for action request and modality,
  ** Two-line spacing **
【Reference titles】 ◀REFERENCES ▶
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 12, Bold, Left aligned, 5 spaces indented, Line spacing 140)
  ** One-line spacing **
  최길성 (1991)「北陸의 民俗」『일본학(10)』동국대 일본학연구소 pp.262-263
浅井茂人 (1989)『越中の渡来民』白山書店 p.75
勝田至 編 (2012)『日本葬制史』吉川弘文館 pp.253-258
駒敏郞·花岡大学 (1980)『若狭. 越前の伝説 <日本の伝説(46)>』角川書店 p.117
中西進 (2011)『源氏物語』ナツメ社 pp.345-365
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 8, Justify aligned, Line spacing 140)
  ** One-line spacing **
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 12, Bold, Left aligned, 5 spaces indented, Line spacing 140)
  ** One-line spacing **
  Choi Gil-Sung. (1991). Folk customs of Hokuriku. Japanese Studies,Vol10. University of Dongguk, Japan Institute. 262-263.
Asai Sigeto. (1989). Brought over people of Eetchu.Hakusan Syoten. 75.
Katsuta Itaru (Ed.). (2012) History of funeral system.Yoshikawa Kobunkan
Koma Tosio and Hanaoka Daigaku. (1980). Legend of Echizen. Wakasa. Kadogawa Syoten.117.
Nakanisi Susumu. (2011). Genji Monogatari [The Tale of Genji] Natsumesha. 345-365.
  (Shinmyeongjo (abbreviation) 8, Justify aligned, Line spacing 140)
  * Only specify papers and books mentioned in the body of the article.
* Based on author names, they are written in Korean, Japanese, and English in the alphabetical order of each language.
* When there are two or more references written by the same author, lines are put on a yearly basis.
* In case there are two or more co authors (joint paper), a side dot is put in between authors (example: 宮地 宏․サイモン遠藤睦子․小川信夫(1991)).
* An author’s name (year), a paper title (or book title), the volumes and numbers of publications, and a publisher are put in order.
* Quotation or reference pages are written.
◆ Paper application date: Editorial director written
◆ Paper revision date: Editorial director written
◆ Paper printing date: Editorial director written
【 Author’s personal data
Paper title- Korean:    
Author name- Korean:    
Workplace:   Position: Major:
Address: (Zip code)      
Phone number:   Cell phone number:  
Presentation date:   Presentation place:  
Contribution date: